Conventional RCT

Every tooth looks quite hard from outside. However they have a soft core that includes nerves and blood vessels known as pulp. A fractured or broken tooth gets infected when its decay reaches this soft core. The infection then gets into the jaw bones which in turn spread in the blood stream. Many a times this infection can be life threatening too. Here in this case, the infected pulp is taken out and the cavity is sterilized in order to make it free from bacteria that caused the infection. After that the cavity is filled so that there is no chance of any further infection. This whole process requires expert specialists as it is quite a technical treatment.

Root Canal Treatment

CROWN - This is the part of a tooth that can be seen above the gumline.

ROOT - Just below the gumline sits this part of a tooth on the bone. The root of a tooth is generally two times longer than the crown which can be seen above the gumline.

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Why is root canal treatment required?

The pulp is a living tissue inside the tooth that has nerves and supply of blood in it. When the tooth decay infects the pulp it starts causing pain. The basic target of a root canal treatment is to get rid of the infected pulp. The treatment is done using files inside the chamber of the pulp and bringing out the infected pulp. Afterwards the root canals are cleaned thoroughly and then sealed using filling substances.

The saga of root canal treatment

Every tooth consists of soft tissue or the pulp that helps in nourishing the tooth. This pulp gets infected or damaged because sometimes the tooth gets affected by decay, gum diseases or wounds. If a similar situation happens in any other parts of the body, the body normally discard the diseased tissue and grow new ones. But in case of a tooth this does not happen. Since the infected pulp remains enclosed inside the hard covering of the tooth it becomes impossible for the tooth to discard it on its own. Only a dentist can remove the infected pulp in the root canal, cleanse the place and then fill it with an orthodontic material so that it does not get infected again by the bacteria. After the endodontic treatment get over the tooth is alive once more and not “dead”. The tooth also receives enough support from the adjacent tissues and is normally expected to last as long as any other natural tooth.


Step 1: Once the tooth is anesthetized the dentist will make a small opening through the crown inside the cavity of the pulp.


Step 2: The dentist finds out the actual length of the root canal.


Step 3: Then he removes the unhealthy pulp, cleanses the root canal, enlarge and reshape it.


Step 4: The root canal is then filled and preserved. Sometimes the dentist may add a metal post for support of the structure or in retention of the filling material.

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Step 5: The tooth then gets sealed with a transitory filling. Generally it is the crown that provides the extra protection.

Nothing can beat the effect of a natural tooth! However this natural tooth may requires some endodontic treatment so that it remains healthy. A lot of patients say that a root canal treatment is quite similar to a cavity filling. But it is not so. We have expert endodontic dentists in our clinic and they can clear all your doubts regarding this.

Frequently Asked Questions: Root Canal Treatment

Q1. Do I need a root canal treatment?

You will require a root canal treatment if your tooth has got infected by the bacteria caused by the decay inside the pulp. When you wish to retain your natural tooth instead of extracting it completely from the gum you would need a root canal treatment. If you wish to know more about root canal treatment and why you will need this treatment then please book a dental checkup and consultation as soon as possible.

Q2. What can I expect while having a root canal treatment?

If you have made up your mind to go for a root canal treatment then you will first go through a local anesthesia on your affected teeth. Once the tooth is anesthetized and it goes numb the dentist will remove the infected pulp inside the tooth and then treat the area for healing. Afterwards the dentist will use filling material to seal the area and restore the crown back in its form.

Q3. What kind of post treatment care do you need after an endodontic treatment?

Normally the tooth gets a little inflamed after a root canal. This invariably causes sensitivity during the first few days of treatment. But you can carry on with your regular habits of brushing and flossing immediately after the treatment and restoration.