Partial Dentures

A partial denture is nothing but a replacement of missing teeth and surrounding tissues. Partial dentures are used when some natural teeth are remaining and only some are missing. Removable partial dentures consist of replacement teeth that are attached to a pink or gum-coloured plastic base, and is sometimes connected by metal framework that holds the denture in the right place inside a mouth. Generally speaking, partial dentures are used only when one or more natural teeth remain in the upper or lower jaw. Similar to a bridge, partial dentures rest on surrounding teeth to fill in the gaps where one or more teeth are missing and also prevents other teeth from changing position; however, unlike a bridge, partial dentures can be fully removed by its wearer. It is vital to note that a precision partial denture has internal attachments and not clasps.

Types Of Partial Dentures

There are two types of partial dentures

  • Fixed
  • Removable

Depending on the health of your teeth that is surrounding the gap, you may be prescribed a right type of partial denture.

A fixed partial denture is also referred to as a dental implant bridge. It permanently attaches the artificial teeth to the jaw with the help of a dental crown.

On the other hand, a removable partial denture, also known as removable dental bridge, fills the gap between two healthy teeth and consists of replacement teeth attached to a gum-coloured plastic base. It is the metal framework that allows removable partial dentures to stay connected and keep it in place.

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Benefits and Risks of Partial Dentures

Benefits:
  • Aesthetically pleasing – A partial denture replaces missing teeth, and hence dramatically improves the overall appearance of the wearer.
  • Not surgical – There is no need for surgery, and therefore, simpler and hassle-free treatment experience for the patient.
  • Quick to make –It usually takes around 5 to 7 hours to make partial dentures.
  • Easy to chew – The denture will help you chew your food properly.
  • Speech improvement – You will notice a significant improvement in your speech.
  • Prevents facial changes – The partial denture will support your other muscles, cheeks, and lips.
Risks:
  • Plaque problem – Once you start wearing a partial denture, there will be an increase in the amount of plaque in your mouth if you don’t employ proper hygiene for the denture and teeth. Plaque can be the cause of gingivitis and periodontal diseases.
  • Traumatize – If the denture is not properly set and designed, then it may cause trauma to the gums.
  • Affects the taste of food – A partial denture will reduce your ability to taste food.

Frequently Asked Questions: Partial Dentures

Q1. How should I take care of my partial dentures?

There are denture cleaners available in the market. So your dentist can recommend using one of these cleaners. Moreover, you can also use a brush that is specifically designed to clean dentures. Do not use a brush with hard bristles as it can damage your denture. Remember to clean your denture thoroughly by rinsing off loose food particles. Also, at night time, do not forget to keep the denture in water to keep it moist.

Q2. How long will I take to get used to my new partial denture?

It is not uncommon to feel a bit awkward and uncomfortable for the first few weeks. Getting used to the dentures will take some time, especially for speaking and eating with it. You may also feel that the tongue does not have adequate room to move, and may feel minor irritation. But, within a span of a few weeks, you will get used to the dentures.

Q3. How long do dentures last?

There comes a time when a denture will need to be relined or rebased. Even as we grow old, our mouth naturally changes, which can cause the dentures to loosen and get out of shape. It is a good idea to keep visiting a dentist once a year for a checkup of the denture.