Oral Surgery

Oral surgeries are undeniably effective and safe procedures for treating a variety of dental problems that one may be living with. Clearly, dental problems do create a state of helplessness and pain in a sufferer’s life, and therefore, visiting a dental surgeon the soonest possible is the best way to get rid of the pain. There are a number of conditions that demand an oral surgery to be performed. Mentioned here are some of the most common types of oral surgeries

Orthognathic Surgery (Corrective Jaw Surgery)

Orthognathic, or corrective jaw surgery is always performed by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. This particular surgery corrects an unequal jaw growth, making the jaw more functional and well-balanced. In addition to enhancing the patient’s appearance, this surgery also corrects functional issues such as chewing, speaking and breathing. It is, however, vital to note that the overall treatment may take many years to complete, and hence requires a long-term commitment from a patient.

Pre-Prosthetic Surgery

Pre-prosthetic surgery involves the preparation of a mouth before the placement of a denture. It is a surgical procedure that may be required before receiving a partial or complete denture.

  • Alveoloplasty – In order to prepare the mouth for a denture, bone smoothing and reshaping may be needed, which is called alveoloplasty.
  • Frenectomy – Sometimes the extra folds of tissues will cause a hindrance in fitting a new denture and therefore needs removal. The removal of tissue tags is referred to as frenectomy.

Tumour Surgeries

  • Cyst/Tumour Removal – The full spectrum of cyst and tumours will be carefully examined by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, and if needed, will remove the cyst or tumour.
  • White Lesions – Aka Leukoplakia is a white coloured patch that often occurs on the cheeks and may require a removal if it shows any dysplasia.
  • Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSMF) – It is an insidious chronic disease that has a high rate of morbidity as it causes a progressive inability to open mouth, leading in inabilities to eat. Quite often, a defined treatment approach that combines a surgery and active physiotherapy helps.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

  • Facial Trauma – A facial trauma is an injury of the face and may include the facial bones, such as the upper and lower jaw bone. The trauma may create several problems such as damage to the orbital sockets, missing teeth, skin lacerations, and obstruction of the sinuses or nasal cavity. Treatments usually include repair of bone fractures, repair of lacerations, bleeding control and reduction in swelling.
  • Sinus Lift Procedure – Sinus lift refers to a procedure that helps in creating bone volume for placing implants. The sinus lift procedure is truly a remarkable procedure that helps many patients to have dental implants instead of wearing loose dentures.
  • Wisdom Tooth – Generally speaking, wisdom teeth are the last teeth to come through gums. Sadly, in most cases, there won’t be enough space in the jaw for the tooth to fully emerge, leading to complications. Although antibiotics do help in treating mouth infections caused due to wisdom tooth, best is a surgical removal of the tooth. It is advisable to visit an oral surgeon as s/he will inform you about the right time to remove the wisdom tooth. If a removal is required, the process begins with an x-ray.

Extraction

  • Surgical Extraction – Sometimes removing a tooth is imperative when decay, since no other treatment will cure the infection. This surgical removal of the tooth is called as surgical extraction.
  • Impaction – Sometimes a tooth has fully failed to pass through the gums. No treatment is required if it is not causing any pain, but if the pain exists, then the removal of the partially erupted interrupted teeth is required.